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My Approach

References

Advanced Therapies References: 

  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/14712598.2020.1787979?casa_token=R6opBx2g1oIAAAAA:x21Ol5ffq_ZhJrZmWIO9OElQDiKS_2mLhGrvxaCr8f92WJmc7hwv337mjRBGrr9g_2k51QKSkw

  2. https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-drug/def/dehydrated-human-amnion-chorion-membrane

  3. https://journals.lww.com/techortho/pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2017&issue=09000&article=00004&type=Fulltext

  4. https://journals.lww.com/techortho/fulltext/2017/09000/dehydrated_human_amnion_chorion_membrane__dhacm_.4.aspx

  5. https://www.azisks.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Gellhorn-Article-Corrected-Proof.pdf

  6. https://www.betterorthopedics.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Dehydrated-Human-Amnion-Chorion-Membrane-dHACM.pdf

  7. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0143400420304239?casa_token=MyAZSMHTZE4AAAAA:n_iqbQqRMDXPyI9c8Iu-J9zpuLeeLg4V01EfMHUI6BovgEVFxM0YmO0kCN_diL8Cz8hS-Es

  8. Arthurs, Jennifer R., et al. “Patients Seeking Stem Cell Therapies—a Prospective Qualitative Analysis from a Regenerative Medicine Consult Service.” Npj Regenerative Medicine, vol. 7, no. 1, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41536-022-00215-w.

  9. Rodeo SA. "Cell therapy in orthopaedics: where are we in 2019?" Bone Joint J. 2019 Apr;101-B(4):361-364. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.101B4.BJJ-2019-0013.R1. PMID: 30929493.

  10. Zumwalt, Mimi, and Arubala P. Reddy. “Stem Cells for Treatment of Musculoskeletal Conditions - Orthopaedic/Sports Medicine Applications.” Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease, vol. 1866, no. 4, 2020, p. 165624., https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbadis.2019.165624.

  11. https://www.hss.edu/condition-list_prp-injections.asp#:~:text=Platelet%2Drich%20plasma%20(PRP)%20therapy%20uses%20injections%20of%20a,system%20to%20improve%20musculoskeletal%20problems.

  12. https://www.hss.edu/condition-list_prp-injections.asp#:~:text=Platelet%2Drich%20plasma%20(PRP)%20therapy%20uses%20injections%20of%20a,system%20to%20improve%20musculoskeletal%20problems.

  13. https://www.hss.edu/playbook/ask-the-expert-prp-treatment/

  14. https://www.hss.edu/playbook/does-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-really-work/

  15. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/treatment/platelet-rich-plasma-prp/

  16. https://www.hss.edu/newsroom_spinning-blood-isnt-just-for-athletes.asp

  17. https://journals.lww.com/cjsportsmed/Fulltext/2013/05000/Clinical_and_MRI_Outcomes_After_Platelet_Rich.15.aspx?casa_token=upOXBJ7GkuoAAAAA:tt3eqSViq4Va8s_c6tf_jJXgRXN-VVl0g03peBrh8NHkvQg5DdLNUnTZKli5RC3br7jH405_M-j5BC-0gsUW https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00590-012-1037-5?error=cookies_not_supported&error=cookies_not_supported&code=967ec4bd-19d9-4367-b7c0-e417c11b753b&code=35143f47-b711-4fc2-b497-9d728bcf6186

  18. https://arthritis-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/ar3914

  19. https://journals.lww.com/cjsportsmed/Abstract/2013/05000/Clinical_and_MRI_Outcomes_After_Platelet_Rich.15.aspx

  20. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4743666/ 

  21. https://arthritis-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13075-015-0882-0

  22. https://www.coldlasers.org/therapy/What-is-cold-laser-therapy/

 

Shoulder References

1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4596186/

2. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/7079-shoulder-impingement-syndrome

3. https://shoulderelbow.org/2017/07/19/terrible-triad-elbow-fracture-dislocation/

4. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/shoulder-impingementrotator-cuff-tendinitis

5. https://www.hss.edu/condition-list_shoulder-impingement.asp

6. https://www.healthline.com/health/shoulder-impingement

7. https://radiopaedia.org/articles/rockwood-classification-of-acromioclavicular-joint-injury?lang=us

8. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rotator-cuff-injury/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350231

9. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/rotator-cuff-tears/

10. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/7079-shoulder-impingement-syndrome

11. https://shoulderelbow.org/2017/07/19/terrible-triad-elbow-fracture-dislocation/

12. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/shoulder-impingementrotator-cuff-tendinitis

13. https://www.hss.edu/condition-list_shoulder-impingement.asp

14. https://health.clevelandclinic.org/the-best-way-to-find-relief-from-the-pain-of-shoulder-impingement/

15. https://www.healthline.com/health/shoulder-impingement

16. https://www.healthline.com/health/bursitis-shoulder

17. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bursitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20353242

18. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/shoulder-bursitis

19. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/21530-bursitis-in-shoulder

20. https://sportsmedicine.mayoclinic.org/condition/shoulder-cartilage-and-arthritis/

21. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/shoulder-labrum-tear

22. https://mydoctor.kaiserpermanente.org/ncal/structured-content/Condition_Shoulder_Cartilage_Tendon_Injuries_-_PMR.xml?co=%2Fregions%2Fncal

23. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/treatment/articular-cartilage-restoration

24. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S105827461930360X

25. https://www.jospt.org/doi/pdf/10.2519/jospt.2002.32.10.497

26. https://www.aaos.org/aaosnow/2012/aug/research/research2/

27. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1058274619304744?28. casa_token=wnzOkoTPRzYAAAAA:vtJ_JJSOPaC0csCLvbjCaGufHEu7jgiissDr2vUZuacQaJbIIp0zdpoE0OU6REN_zkPvAJo

29. https://wexnermedical.osu.edu/blog/exercises-to-prevent-shoulder-instability

30. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/shoulder-instability

31. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/chronic-shoulder-instability/

32. https://sportsmedicine.mayoclinic.org/condition/shoulder-instability/

33. https://www.uofmhealth.org/conditions-treatments/cmc/shoulder/shoulder-instability

34. https://www.ortho.wustl.edu/content/Patient-Care/3144/SERVICES/Shoulder-Elbow/Overview/Shoulder-Instability-Information/Postoperative-Care.aspx

 

Elbow References

1. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/osteoarthritis-of-the-elbow/

2. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/musculoskeletal-and-connective-tissue-disorders/approach-to-the-patient-with-joint-symptoms/evaluation-of-the-elbow?&network=x&matchtype=&keyword=&creative=&device=c&devicemodel=&placement=&position=&campaignid=18703109500&adgroupid=&loc_physical_ms=9031352&loc_interest_ms=&gclid=Cj0KCQjw9deiBhC1ARIsAHLjR2CdFn4ieB6EUMDWbBORN14RRgv6oQRcjjg95ctrIjYtz1bKhjCzLxoaAr_6EALw_wcB&gclsrc=aw.ds

3. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/elbow-olecranon-bursitis/

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/22553-elbow-olecranon-bursitis

https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/ulnar-nerve-entrapment-at-the-elbow-cubital-tunnel-syndrome/#:~:text=Ulnar%20nerve%20entrapment%20occurs%20when,collarbone%20or%20at%20the%20wrist.

4. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/ulnar-neuropathy-at-the-elbow-and-wrist

https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/tennis-elbow-lateral-epicondylitis/#:~:text=Tennis%20elbow%20is%20inflammation%20or,the%20outside%20of%20the%20elbow.

5. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/elbow-tendinopathy-tennis-and-golf-elbow

 

Knee References

1. https://www.orthobullets.com/knee-and-sports/3005/meniscal-tears

Bone Health References

1. Institute of Medicine (US) Committee to Review Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D and Calcium; Ross AC, Taylor CL, Yaktine AL, et al., editors. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011. 2, Overview of Calcium. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK56060/ 

2. Yang CY, Cheng-Yen Lai J, Huang WL, Hsu CL, Chen SJ. Effects of sex, tobacco smoking, and alcohol consumption osteoporosis development: Evidence from Taiwan biobank participants. Tob Induc Dis. 2021 Jun 17;19:52. doi: 10.18332/tid/136419. PMID: 34177414; PMCID: PMC8210532

3. Law MR, Hackshaw AK. A meta-analysis of cigarette smoking, bone mineral density and risk of hip fracture: recognition of a major effect. BMJ. 1997 Oct 4;315(7112):841-6. doi: 10.1136/bmj.315.7112.841. PMID: 9353503; PMCID: PMC2127590.

4. Sampson HW. Alcohol's harmful effects on bone. Alcohol Health Res World. 1998;22(3):190-4. PMID: 15706795; PMCID: PMC6761900

 

 

 

 

Image Attributions

Advanced Therapies:

 

Shoulder:

1. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fbangaloreshoulderinstitute.com%2Fpreparing-shoulder-arthroscopy%2F&psig=AOvVaw2J-9wzey_zmRiJNcn54ZS_&ust=1683474810270000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CBAQjRxqFwoTCMCwlsOG4f4CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAE

2. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.experiencept.rehab%2Fblog%2Frotator&psig=AOvVaw1bVZxLPr6_ShJE3EFINUcJ&ust=1683474883423000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CBAQjRxqFwoTCNDMkeaG4f4CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAE

https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com%2Fservice%2Fshoulder-pain%2F&psig=AOvVaw2zilvL_Ji0K8QCJ7hOpFyJ&ust=1683474917515000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CBAQjRxqFwoTCKDE6fWG4f4CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAF

3. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Foklahomapaindoc.com%2Farticles%2Fhow-to-get-relief-from-shoulder-blade-pain%2F&psig=AOvVaw2zilvL_Ji0K8QCJ7hOpFyJ&ust=1683474917515000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CBAQjRxqFwoTCKDE6fWG4f4CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAK

4. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fmelbournearmclinic.com.au%2Fshoulder-pain-at-night%2F&psig=AOvVaw2zilvL_Ji0K8QCJ7hOpFyJ&ust=1683474917515000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CBAQjRxqFwoTCKDE6fWG4f4CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAR

5. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.self.com%2Fstory%2Fshoulder-pain-strength-training&psig=AOvVaw2zilvL_Ji0K8QCJ7hOpFyJ&ust=1683474917515000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CBAQjRxqFwoTCKDE6fWG4f4CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAZ

6. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Ftommorrison.uk%2Fblog%2Fgot-shoulder-impingement-do-these-2-exercises&psig=AOvVaw2Y_jP0k4ohgIy7yGjuOSMj&ust=1683475110365000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CBAQjRxqFwoTCIDxidKH4f4CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAE

7. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Frollinghillsmedical.com%2Farthroscopic-knee-and-shoulder-surgery%2F&psig=AOvVaw0sSowP4Ly_pdEUvmTRZeK6&ust=1683475143818000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CBAQjRxqFwoTCKiE6-GH4f4CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAE

8. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.shoulderandkneesurgery.com.au%2Fshoulder-surgery%2Farthroscopic-shoulder-stabilisation-perth%2F&psig=AOvVaw0sSowP4Ly_pdEUvmTRZeK6&ust=1683475143818000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CBAQjRxqFwoTCKiE6-GH4f4CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAK

Elbow:

1. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Forthoinfo.aaos.org%2Fen%2Fdiseases--conditions%2Felbow-olecranon-bursitis%2F&psig=AOvVaw3m7zFtC_SB-lWlfWzizPcP&ust=1683473958285000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CBAQjRxqFwoTCNDxp6yD4f4CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAE

2. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.merckmanuals.com%2Fen-pr%2Fprofessional%2Fmusculoskeletal-and-connective-tissue-disorders%2Fhow-to-do-bursal-aspiration-and-injection%2Fhow-to-aspirate-or-inject-an-olecranon-bursa&psig=AOvVaw3m7zFtC_SB-lWlfWzizPcP&ust=1683473958285000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CBAQjRxqFwoTCNDxp6yD4f4CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAJ

3. https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wataugaortho.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2Fsites%2F115%2F2021%2F08%2F5-Major-Causes-of-Tendonitis.jpg&tbnid=aGlIGTHVXnJO1M&vet=12ahUKEwjlm7mrg-H-AhXEPkQIHeLTA2sQMygNegUIARCHAQ..i&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wataugaortho.com%2F2018%2F05%2F18%2F5-major-causes-of-tendonitis%2F&docid=rtCrr-Rv-_Ub5M&w=2121&h=1414&q=elbow%20bursitis%20cleveland%20clinic&ved=2ahUKEwjlm7mrg-H-AhXEPkQIHeLTA2sQMygNegUIARCHAQ

4. https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.drgordongroh.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2018%2F06%2Fimage-result-for-picture-of-distal-bicep-tear-1.jpeg&tbnid=piOZqeZGjUVViM&vet=12ahUKEwixz-jPg-H-AhUbOEQIHYM0CasQMygIegUIARDYAQ..i&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.drgordongroh.com%2Forthopaedic-injuries-treatment%2Felbow%2Fbiceps-tendon-tear-at-the-elbow%2F&docid=QP6bifugFHs1rM&w=1429&h=966&q=distal%20bicep%20tendon%20rupture&ved=2ahUKEwixz-jPg-H-AhUbOEQIHYM0CasQMygIegUIARDYAQ

5. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fjournals.sagepub.com%2Fdoi%2F10.1177%2F2325967120944812%3Ficid%3Dint.sj-abstract.similar-articles.1&psig=AOvVaw3heT7shCODi0mcPg8vmFMw&ust=1683474125745000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CBAQjRxqFwoTCID80vyD4f4CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAF

6. https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fm.media-amazon.com%2Fimages%2FI%2F61aei1gkPVL._AC_UF350%2C350_QL50_.jpg&tbnid=qWYRN_bCRlwJzM&vet=10CAoQxiAoBmoXChMIyLOLp4Th_gIVAAAAAB0AAAAAEAk..i&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.amazon.com%2FVive-Tennis-Elbow-Therapy-Rehabilitation%2Fdp%2FB09X8B5MQH&docid=STg4AQmtRwA-lM&w=350&h=350&itg=1&q=theraflex%20bar%20tyler%20twist%20amazon&ved=0CAoQxiAoBmoXChMIyLOLp4Th_gIVAAAAAB0AAAAAEAk

7. https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQHXIOC24gByFNYm3fkAOwkvaAzFgzLzUN1foxjg2AwCg1xj7j2No4-WiSyOonrBG37dw&usqp=CAU

Knee:

1. https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fadvancedortho.org%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2016%2F04%2Fmeniscus.jpg&tbnid=pl0XD5kXKJcB0M&vet=12ahUKEwjoxLS4heH-AhUSh-4BHciYC4oQMyhdegUIARDKAQ..i&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fadvancedortho.org%2Fdenver-meniscal-tear%2F&docid=X9UtRkPOOqAK_M&w=489&h=338&q=meniscus%20anatomy&ved=2ahUKEwjoxLS4heH-AhUSh-4BHciYC4oQMyhdegUIARDKAQ

2.  https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Frollinghillsmedical.com%2Farthroscopic-knee-and-shoulder-surgery%2F&psig=AOvVaw0sSowP4Ly_pdEUvmTRZeK6&ust=1683475143818000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CBAQjRxqFwoTCKiE6-GH4f4CFQ

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